My First Fast

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by Riyya Ahmad, Aldershot

A Nasirat (girls group) member tells of her Ramadhan experience

This month is Ramadhan, the month of fasting for all Muslims world-wide, and in this blessed month I have kept, by the grace of Allah, my very first fast. This is how it went ….

I woke up at around three o clock in the morning to start my fast. The roads were silent and not a light to be seen apart from the glossy shine of the stars and moon. I ate and drank as much as I could and was able to. Then I prayed to God that He give me the stamina to uphold my long fast.

After I finished my Fajr Prayer I went back to bed with a feeling I had never felt before. I felt determined but I also felt a strange sort of excitement. I felt as if I couldn’t sleep.

During the day I tried to read as much Quran as I could and read all of my Prayers. But I also remembered those who were continuously fasting. Those who had no food in their homes or stomachs. Those who were less fortunate than me. I could finally sort of relate to the pain they felt.

Through the day I of course felt hungry, but whenever I thought of Allah and prayed, the hunger from my stomach would vanish and instead I felt quite full.

Then came the time to open my fast. I read my prayers and thanked Allah for enabling me to keep my very first fast. For me this was a milestone in my life, keeping an 18 hour fast. I pray in the future I will be able to keep many more fasts.

Ameen

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London’s Pain

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Sameea Jonnud, Aldershot, UK

As it’s Ramadhan I was with my family preparing for the breaking of the fast at sunset, a few minutes after nine. Saturday night is family night for us and last night we were all together, parents, siblings and children, the Champions League final on the television, almost all of us rooting for Juventus so Buffon could lift the trophy. Around the London Bridge area there were also many people who had met up with friends in bars to watch the football.

Like all true Muslims up and down the country (and around the world) during the month of Ramadhan, we wait for the fast to open, before praying and eating dinner. As it was a family day we did this and then sat down to relax for a short time and catch up with one another before bed.

It was during this time I became aware of the events which had begun to unfold on the news; something was happening first on London Bridge, then Borough Market. A van had swerved into pedestrians and there were reports of knives and guns. London is the city of my birth, the city in which I grew up and despite moving away I’ve found that it’s true – you can take the girl out of London but you can’t take London out of the girl. To see the events unfolding felt personal, it hurts physically when my city is hurting.

Of course speculation started immediately that it was a terrorist attack and that it must be Muslims. Some  Muslims said on social media it can’t be Muslims, all real Muslims are breaking their fast and praying at that time. I thought of my family and all my fellow Muslim friends; it’s true, they would all be doing this.

The next fast began a few hours later; at this point the Metropolitan Police had confirmed six fatalities in addition to three attackers. Six innocent people out on a Saturday night caught up in the murderous rampage of hit and run, knife wielding madmen.

As a Muslim the thought of anyone claiming to carry out atrocities in the name of Islam is repugnant. Islam doesn’t condone the killing of innocent people, even in a state of war; the Holy Prophet (peace be on him) never condoned this either. So what is this version of Islam they claim to follow? That of Isis whose followers became famous for possessing “Islam for Dummies” rather than a copy of the Holy Qur’an? And if they justify their actions by saying they are killing unbelievers why are they setting off bombs in Muslim countries regularly killing Muslim men, women and children? This shows their murders are indiscriminate and it is innocent people in many countries who are suffering.

We are a week into the month of Ramadhan, a time when Muslims make extra efforts to please God by reading the Holy Qur’an, performing extra prayers and generally trying to be better human beings. An opportunity to feel the pain of those without food and give to charity to help the needy; Ramadhan is a time of self-reformation to make us better human beings.

What kind of Muslim would use Ramadhan to plan and carry out the murders of innocent people? How dare they hurt people in my beloved London and say it is in the name of my faith?

No, it is not Islam they are following and God does not ask for these actions which are those of criminals using the excuse of Isis inspiration as validation to carry out their murderous urges. Britain is suffering the effects as are so are many places around the world who are targets with such regularity.

Today London is in pain and so am I.

Ramadhan and Me

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Mishal Aziz, Raynes Park

Ramadhan comes and goes every year and by the time we are fully able to welcome this precious month, it is time to say goodbye to it with the hope that we would be able to see it next year. As an Ahmadi Muslim girl, Ramadhan holds a very special place in my life. It gives me an opportunity to create a stronger bond with Allah, the Almighty. It gives me an opportunity to pray more optional Prayers, early in the morning and late at night, and recite the Holy Qur’an much more than I do in ordinary days.

I am a student and I fast during my college hours, like many other Ahmadi Muslim girls. My friends find it really hard to connect with me on this aspect, that how not eating or drinking gives a person more happiness and satisfaction. They often ask me “Are you forced to fast?”

My reply is always ‘No’ because in Islam you are not forced to do anything, Allah has commanded you to do certain things but He has given you free will as well so it is an individual choice to follow the commandments, to gain blessings, or go on the opposite path.

As I am studying Education and the number of children who come fasting to school make the educators assume that Muslim children have an obligation to fast from an early age however that is not true, children themselves want to fast and nowhere according to my knowledge does it say that children should be forced to fast. I remember when I was young I used to wait impatiently for Ramadhan but my mum would not let me fast because I was too young however when I turned 14, my mum gave me permission to fast over the weekend; the happiness I felt on that day was out of the world because I felt like I had accomplished something big in my life.

Another friend asked me “you claim that Allah loves you, what kind of love is that when He is asking you to starve?” I believe that Allah does not want us to merely abstain from food or drink because what benefit will He get from making us hungry and thirsty; He wants our spiritual status to improve so He wants us to refrain from falsehood, fights, wrong doings, back-biting, illegal activities, etc. I can focus on refraining from these activities while I am fasting because the hunger and thirst is a constant reminder for me that I am fasting and I have to carry out right actions.

Islam is a very considerate religion. It always has an easier way for the people who are vulnerable or caught in a situation. In the Holy Qur’an Allah says:

 “…. whoso among you is sick or on a journey, shall fast the same number of other days; and for those who are able to fast only with great difficulty, is an expiation – the feeding of a poor man….” (2:185)

This verse shows that Allah is OmniBenevolent and He cares for all His beings, He knows that some people are not able to fast because of their health, He does not force them to fast but shows an easier way which is feeding a poor person.

Every year I try to start a new good habit that I can continue even after Ramadhan. This year my goal is to start reading the translation of the Holy Qur’an so I can learn more about my religion and scale spiritual heights. (InshAllah)

May Allah shower lots of blessings in the Holy month of Ramadhan.

Ramadhan Mubarak to everyone!

An Eid Message to the Muslim World

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By Navida Sayed

Year after year the celebration of Eid ul-Fitr marks the first day of the rest of the year ahead to put into practice the goodwill, piety and self-discipline acquired during Ramadhan. Eid is a joyous day celebrated by young and old dressed in new clothes. People from all diversities flock together wealthy and poor, to stand side-by-side, shoulder to shoulder and offer congregational Eid ul Fitr Prayer promoting universal brotherhood. They greet and embrace each other in a spirit of peace; a joyous celebration at the end of Ramadan, a sacred month providing the training opportunities of spiritual cleansing, increased devotional worship, self-discipline, self-control, sacrifice, generosity, and charity.

Sadly this Ramadhan we have witnessed a dismal wave of barbaric terrorist attacks in Orlando, Istanbul, Dhaka, and Baghdad and most recently Islam’s holy sacred site Medina. Killing innocent civilians on a holy day and daring to carry out a terrorist attack in a holy city in the close vicinity of our beloved Holy Prophet’s (peace be upon him) burial place, substantiates more than ever the fact that the terrorists have no regard for Islam whatsoever.

Regardless of the fact that the Muslim world has united to condemn the attack at one of Islam’s holiest sites, the biggest problem is that there is no unity or guidance amongst the Muslims. Unfortunately many misinformed individuals fall prey to the non-righteous so-called Muslim clerics, misleading and luring them to believe that they will be rewarded and go to heaven by committing evil, cruel and barbaric terrorist acts.

Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, the Promised Messiah, warned about this more than a hundred years ago concerning the Dajjal, a term which has two connotations: First, it signifies a group which supports falsehood and works with cunning and deceit. Secondly, it is the name of the Satan who is the father of all falsehood and corruption. [Haqiqat-ul-Wahi, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 22, p. 326][i] saying:

‘Remember, the sum total of the evils which the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) prophesied would spread in the latter days, is Dajjaliyyat, of which the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has said there are hundreds of branches. Hence, those Maulavis are also branches of the tree of Dajjaliyat who blindly follow the beaten path and have abandoned the Holy Qur’an, so that though they recite it, it doesn’t get past their tongues. Today Dajjaliyat is spreading its web like a spider. The disbeliever with his disbelief, the hypocrite with hypocrisy, the alcoholic with his drinking, and the Maulavi with his preaching without practice and with his black heart, are all weaving the net of Dajjaliyat. Nothing can break up this web but the heavenly weapon, and no one can wield this weapon but ‘Isa who should descend from that very heaven. So ‘Isa has descended and the promise of God was bound to be fulfilled. [Nishan-e-Asmani, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 4, p.369] [ii]

Tragically, due to the lack of harmony and unity amongst Muslims, Islamic nations have so much internal animosity where persecution and disorder is prevalent. It is a time to set aside differences and engage the renowned and influential scholars involved in discussions, to educate the public about false ideologies. Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmed explained a very important Hadith regarding the latter days and the enemies of Islam.

Our Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saw in a vision that the Dajjal was performing the circuit of the Ka‘bah, and was doing it stealthily, like a thief, so that he could destroy the Ka‘bah whenever the opportunity offered…. Every intelligent person will interpret this revelation as a vision through which the spiritual condition of the Dajjal was revealed to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and that this allegory presented itself to him in a vision in which he saw the Dajjal was circuiting the Ka‘bah like an actual person. What it meant was that the Dajjal would be a bitter enemy of Islam and would hover around the Ka‘bah with evil intentions. We know that just as the watchman goes around the houses at night, so does a thief. But while the watchman seeks to protect the houses and to catch the thief, the thief’s motive is to steal and plunder. Thus the interpretation of this vision of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is that the Dajjal will be preoccupied with trying to violate the sanctity of the Ka‘bah, while the Promised Messiah, who was also seen performing circuit of the Ka‘bah, would be busy protecting the House of Allah and trying to apprehend the Dajjal. [Ayyam-us-Sulh, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 14, pp. 274-275] [iii]

Thus this Hadith indicates that in the latter days the thief, who is designated Dajjal, will try his utmost to demolish the structure of Islam, and that the Promised Messiah, out of his devotion to Islam, will raise his supplications to heaven, and that all angels will lend him their support so that he should be victorious in this last final battle. He will neither get tired, nor dejected, nor will he slacken his efforts, but will try his utmost to catch the thief. [Haqiqat-ul-Wahi, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 22, pp. 323-324][iv]

In this day and age, the continuous effort to eradicate the false ideology of jihad and extremism in the entire world is being carried out with great strength by the grand leadership of the true Khilafat of Ahmadiyya Islam established after the Promised Messiah.

Eid Greetings to the entire Muslim world with hope and prayers that all Muslims unite under one banner of peace to save the world from destruction.

I end with the words of the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace),

‘Alas! Heaven is bearing witness and you do not hear; the earth is crying out: One is needed, one is needed, and you pay no attention! O unfortunate people! arise and see that in this time of distress, Islam has been trodden underfoot and has been maligned like criminals. It has been counted among liars and has been written down among unholy ones. Then would not God’s jealousy be aroused at such at time? Understand then that heaven is drawing close and the days are near when every ear shall hear the affirmation: ‘I am present’.

(Kitab-ul-Bariyyah, Ruhani Khaza’in, vol. 13 , pp. 228 -330 – Essence of Islam, Vol. IV, pp. )

[i] Ġulām Aḥmad, Chaudhry Muḥammad Ẓafrullāh Khān, and Munawar Aḥmad Saʻeed. The Essence Of Islam. Tilford, Surrey: Islam International Publications, 2005. Print. pg.202

[ii] Ġulām Aḥmad, Chaudhry Muḥammad Ẓafrullāh Khān, and Munawar Aḥmad Saʻeed. The Essence Of Islam. Tilford, Surrey: Islam International Publications, 2005. Print. pg.284-285

[iii] Ġulām Aḥmad, Chaudhry Muḥammad Ẓafrullāh Khān, and Munawar Aḥmad Saʻeed. The Essence Of Islam. Tilford, Surrey: Islam International Publications, 2005. Print. pg.287

[iv] Ġulām Aḥmad, Chaudhry Muḥammad Ẓafrullāh Khān, and Munawar Aḥmad Saʻeed. The Essence Of Islam. Tilford, Surrey: Islam International Publications, 2005. Print. pg.288-289

The Attainment of Spiritual Heights

My Ramadhan

Dr Munazzah Chou, Hitchin, UK

Ramadan is a time I look forward to; a time of heightened collective and personal spiritual endeavour. Other more worldly or mundane commitments fade into the background and spiritual activity is brought into focus. More time for Quranic recitation is carved out, more time is spent in superogatory prayers and the entire day, more than ever, revolves around fulfilling religious obligations.

Ramadan reminds me of exam revision; intensive study for hours you would never imagine possible (at least at the beginning of term) and then once it’s all over, you look back with satisfaction in the knowledge that you managed to push yourself to a level which you never knew you could.

Part of the beauty of Islam in my eyes is the flexibility it allows for and the emphasis on intentions. While fasting during Ramadan may be obligatory in principle, there are those who may have the intention to fast but are unable to due to personal circumstances. The surgeon or pilot who cannot function optimally if fasting would legitimately choose to fast on non-theatre or non-flying days and make up the deficit. Islam allows for this as the spirit and philosophy of fasting is the attainment of spiritual heights, not at the expense of others and not just bullishly charging towards a goal of questionable personal relevance or blindingly following the masses.

Once Ramadan is over you are left with a feeling that something is missing and the feeling that if you could possibly maintain that level of commitment and endeavour you could achieve so much.

More often than not however, that level of intensity falls precipitously. But as my father says, progress is step wise, you will rise and fall, which is ok as long you don’t fall back to below the stage you were at before.

Nutrition During Ramadhan

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Sameea Jonnud, Aldershot, UK

As Ramadhan progresses those fasting will have got into a routine to pass the day from before dawn to night. Proper nutrition is essential to ensure there are no negative effects brought on by fasting, especially in these long days with eighteen hour fasts.

The fast is opened at sunset and this is called iftar; many people will be familiar with this as it is traditional to gather with friends and family to break the fast. For this reason Muslims will often invite their non-Muslim friends to join with them.

Following the tradition of the Holy Prophet of Islam (on whom be peace) dates are eaten to actually break the fast; these can be fresh, semi dried or dried and are in fact a really good way of providing an instant energy boost at the end of a fast. Along with water this is enough to sustain people who are fasting for a short while longer to enable them to perform the evening Maghrib Prayer.

The food eaten after this can be whatever people feel like eating but it is healthier not too eat too heavily as there is little time to digest before sleeping and the pre-dawn breakfast is only a few hours away.

“… eat and drink but exceed not the bounds; surely, He does not love those who exceed the bounds.”
Holy Qur’an 7:32

Plenty of fluids should be drunk to compensate for the whole day and it is also a chance to eat more fresh fruit and vegetables which might otherwise be lacking during the month. Also while deep fried food may seem extremely tempting it is best kept to a minimum so you don’t cancel the health benefits you have gained from fasting.

Sahoor, the pre-dawn breakfast, is the most important meal for Muslims during Ramadhan and even those not fasting are encouraged to join in. It is a good way for children to get a feel of Ramadhan despite being too young to fast.

The Holy Prophet (on whom be peace) said:

“The difference between our observance of the fast and that of the People of the Book is the eating of breakfast”
And
“Take breakfast before the fast begins. There is blessing in breakfast”

Gardens of the Righteous

It is important that this meal should be nutritious enough to sustain people through the long, often hot days of fasting. Again plenty of fluids should be taken to avoid dehydration; water, milk and yoghurt based drinks are good for this. A small amount of fruit juice provides vitamins but fizzy and sugary drinks may work for a while but can dehydrate and once the ‘sugar rush’ has finished can cause tiredness. While it may be difficult to avoid completely, tea and coffee should be kept to a minimum as they stimulate quicker water loss.

The food eaten at this time ideally should contain slow release carbohydrates – porridge and bananas or berries are excellent sources and eating wholemeal breads are better than refined white. Lentils, rice and sweet potatoes are nutritious as well as filling and eating a few nuts and dates adds to the slow release energy intake.

During Ramadhan alongside spiritual regeneration there is a great opportunity to learn self-discipline and make healthy changes to the diet which should be continued throughout the year. So switch from deep fried to baked food, white to wholemeal flour and resist the temptation to snack unnecessarily throughout the day. After all if you can do it during Ramadhan, you can do it afterwards too.

I Think Fasting Is A Good Idea

My Ramadhan

Riyya Ahmad, age 12, Aldershot, UK

It’s finally here, the month of fasting for Muslims worldwide. Ramadan is the month where we remember the people who are less fortunate than us. Most of all it’s the time to remember Allah. As a young Muslim school girl I do not have to keep a full fast.

The feeling of waking up at 2:30 am makes your blood rush. The streets are silent and not a light is lit. I offer 2 Nawafil, voluntary prayer, and come down to have my sehri, the pre-dawn breakfast. We usually have boiled eggs and tea for sehri as it gives us protein. Then we all perform Fajr Prayer at dawn as a family.

This is followed by us sleeping for the rest of the morning and not waking up until 7am. Then I get ready for school, I put my headscarf on and get ready for the day. At about 2pm I tend to break my fast as I am young and then perform Zuhr Prayer.

After keeping a fast you feel proud that in those special hours you remembered Allah and that you have His blessings. Some adults do not feel too hungry but those who feel the hunger can understand the exact feeling the less fortunate do.

It has been scientifically proven that fasting helps your immune system immensely. As a young school girl I only do mini fasts at the weekends as I find it hard at school.

I think fasting is good idea; do you?

Ramadhan: What Does It Actually Involve?

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Sameea Jonnud, Aldershot, UK

The phrase “Ramadhan Mubarak” and good wishes for a blessed Ramadhan are quite commonplace now and heard from Muslims and non-Muslims. Gone are the days when those in the West may not have realised that Ramadhan was taking place and these days politicians, sports teams and celebrities will all send messages of support to their Muslim friends. However despite the knowledge of Ramadhan and fasting there still exist misconceptions and many people may wonder what it is and just what is actually involved

In the Holy Qur’an it is written:

“O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may become righteous.”
Chapter 2, verse 184

Thus Muslims fast because it has been commanded by God as a means of self-purification. Fasting also gives a sense, for a short time, of what it must be like for those underprivileged people who don’t have enough food. On breaking the fast Muslims should eat in moderation; Ramadhan should not be a series of daily feasts which would somewhat defeat the purpose. Incidentally in recent years the health benefits of a fasting diet have been widely discussed and the 5:2 diet, with two days of fasting a week has been widely promoted. This follows the practice of the Holy Prophet of Islam (peace be on him) who often used to fast on Mondays and Thursdays when it was not Ramadhan.

Fasting is not particularly an Islamic injunction as all the major religions have or have had aspects of fasting involved, for example Lent. For a Muslim fasting means abstaining from all food and drink from dawn – about one and a half hours before sunrise – until sunset.

The word Ramadhan refers to the ninth month of the Muslim lunar calendar and this is also the month in which the revelation of the Holy Qur’an began making it an even more special month for Muslims. The lunar month begins at the sighting of the new moon which may be easy in places with clear skies but not so easy here in the UK. Some may wait and attempt to actually catch sight of the moon and some coordinate their Ramadhan with other countries, for example Saudi Arabia which is home to Mecca. The method, used by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, is to use data provided by a national Observatory who calculate when the earliest sighting of the moon is possible with the naked eye.

As the lunar calendar is shorter than the Gregorian one, every year Ramadhan takes place about eleven days earlier than the previous one. This means that over a number of years Ramadhan is experienced in all times of the year, during winter as well as summer; currently in the UK we are experiencing fasting at the height of summer and each fast lasts for around 18 plus hours.

While fasting is obligatory for Muslims there are exceptions, as the Holy Qur’an states:

“… whosoever of you is present at home in this month, let him fast therein. But whoso is sick or is on a journey, shall fast the same number of other days. Allah desires to give you facility and He desires not hardship for you…”
Chapter 2, verse 186

So those that are ill or on a journey and menstruating, pregnant or breastfeeding women are not required to fast and instead may make up their missed fasts afterwards when they are able to. A special monetary contribution, called “Fidya” is made by those unable to fast which is the equivalent of feeding a person two meals a day for the duration of Ramadhan.

There are often cases of children as young as primary age fasting, even during summer fasts and non-Muslims have commented on the fact. However fasting is obligatory for healthy adults so children should not fast because it can interfere with their health. During winter fasts a healthy child may try out a fast to give them a taste of how it feels as long as they do not suffer in any way.

Children and those adults not fasting are able to fully participate in Ramadhan in other ways. They can pray and recite the Holy Qur’an more than they usually would and read the traditions of the Holy Prophet of Islam (peace be on him). Waking up for voluntary prayer in the night, eating with those who are keeping a fast and breaking the fast with them gives the feeling of being part of Ramadhan. Increasing charitable contributions and helping those in need is also a way of participating as one way to please God is to serve humanity.

Ultimately the month of Ramadhan brings one closer to God and serves to renew the faith of Muslims who can resolve to change some aspect of themselves for the better and continue that change after Ramadhan ends. That is why Muslims wish each other “Ramadhan Mubarak” – a happy, blessed Ramadhan.

Ramadhan- What’s The Point?

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Laiqa Bhatti, Slough, UK

For Muslims worldwide, it’s that time of year again. Ramadhan. Eagerly anticipated, Muslims all over the world spend a whole month fasting followed by Eid, a day where many families get together and enjoy spending time with each other.

While Ramadhan may be associated with the abstinence of food and drink from dawn until sunset, it isn’t the sole purpose of this blessed month; in fact, that abstinence is a foundation to the whole purpose of Ramadhan. Most of us are lucky enough, especially in the developed world, to drink and eat what we like and when we like it; it’s a great part of our daily enjoyment. So much so, that often we can take these basic life necessities for granted! Fasting requires us to stop enjoying these worldly things for a time during the day. However on their own, hunger and thirst serve no purpose in attaining the pleasure of God which ultimately is the goal of every Muslim. This ultimate goal is to serve God; by remembering Him and His Creation.

Someone who fasts, goes about their daily lives as normal. If you work, you go to work, so it certainly doesn’t affect daily life. However, the spiritual changes are profound. Every waking moment is filled with prayer and the remembrance of God and if you forget, the intermittent hunger pangs will remind you. But they also remind you of something else – how fortunate you are to have food. It reminds you of your fellow man who perhaps has spent his life time feeling this hunger. The instance when you realise this is devastatingly humbling and that realisation paves way for the other method of serving God – by serving His Creation.

Serving His Creation can occur in many different ways. It’s an integral part of Islam but in Ramadhan it multiplies several fold. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said that if a person provides provision for someone to break their fast, that person gets an equal reward as to the person who has fasted. It is these small ways that God brings everyone together during this blessed month. Even those who are unable to fast, those who may be travelling or are sick, are still able to partake in the purpose of Ramadhan. They are able to pray and also serve humanity. In fact, those who do not fast, are obliged to feed a poor person for the duration of missed fasts during Ramadhan as well as completing the missed fasts when they are later able to do so.

I am a Muslim but I won’t be fasting. That is because I am also a mother to my wonderful 11 months old baby boy who still relies on me for most of his nourishment. God says He doesn’t wish hardship for His followers, hence the reason I cannot fast this year. But that doesn’t mean I won’t be participating in Ramadhan. While I won’t be abstaining from food and drink, I will be spending days and nights in the remembrance of my God, His favours upon myself and my dear family and looking for ways to contribute to my community and neighbourhood. Although my dear son is still relatively young, I will also endeavour to start encouraging him to see the importance of these things. I want him to be a real positive contribution to society and what better time to start than the most blessed month in the Islamic calendar?

Serving God and humanity are the heart of Ramadhan. Without them, abstaining from food and drink are pointless. It becomes a ritual that has no significance whatsoever. Prayers and helping one another is what fulfils the purpose of Ramadhan and by doing these things for a whole month, they should become a habit. Remembering God, giving to the poor and needy, being a kinder person; if practiced in the true nature intended of Ramadhan, they will become second nature. So by the end of the month, the purpose isn’t to revert to the old self but to continue the good deeds onto the rest of the year until next Ramadhan where you build on them further.